Maya Pyramid

Maya Pyramid Naturschauspiel

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Maya Pyramid

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Maya Pyramid Video

Tour of Chichen Itza Mayan Pyramids, Yucatan, Mexico

The Western Stairs overlook the Nunnery and are richly decorated compared to the eastern side. Along both sides of this narrower staircase, images of the hooked-nose rain god Chaac line the steps.

As worshipers climbed the stairs to the upper temple, they would be ceremoniously climbing the "Stairways of the Gods" towards the sacrificial altar.

The earlier phases of the Pyramid of the Magician were constructed in the Puuc style: rather bare on the lower part and very ornate at higher levels.

Early Puuc architecture included roof crests, inclined friezes , and an absence of mosaic decoration. Later Puuc styles were marked by the use of limestone in construction, often with smooth wall surfaces; plaster stucco finishes; masks and other representations of the rain god Chaac; and the prevalence of styling along horizontal lines.

The sides of the pyramid were once thought to be adorned with different colored stucco, each color representing a direction. Chenes design was prevalent in Late Classic Mayan construction, characterized by doorways surrounded by a single creature mask, with the entrance serving as the mouth.

Chenes characteristics are found throughout the upper temples of the pyramid. The Pyramid of the Magician remains the central tourist attraction in the Uxmal complex.

Modern facilities can be now found at the entrance, immediately in front of the pyramid; including a cafeteria, souvenir shop, and restrooms.

There is also a small museum and auditorium. The site is open between 8am and 5pm, with a sound and light show, presented in both English and Spanish, every evening.

The Pyramid of the Magician is the focal point of the show. The name of the structure is derived from folk legends told by the indigenous Mayan people.

The age of these tales is unknown, as is the Pre-Columbian name of the structure. The tale existed in varied accounts concerning the construction of the Pyramid of the Magician.

According to one account, a magician -god named Itzamna was single-handedly supposed to have erected the pyramid in one night, using his might and magic.

The gong was struck, one day, by a dwarf that was born unto no mother, but rather hatched from an egg by a childless, old woman according to a tourist guide in Uxmal, this egg was an iguana egg, and the woman a witch.

The sound of the gong struck fear into the city's ruler and the dwarf was ordered to be executed. The ruler reconsidered the death sentence, though, and promised that the dwarf's life would be spared if he could perform three seemingly impossible tasks.

One of the tasks was to build a massive pyramid, taller than any building in the city, in a single night. The dwarf ultimately completed all the tasks, including the construction of the pyramid.

The dwarf was hailed as the new ruler of Uxmal and the structure was dedicated to him. A slightly different version of this tale is recounted by Hans Li in The Ancient Ones : Legend tells that this temple -pyramid was built by a powerful dwarf magician, who was hatched from an egg by his mother.

Under a threat by an Uxmal king he was ordered to build this temple within a fortnight, or else lose his life In other surviving versions, the old woman is portrayed as a witch or sorceress and the dwarf is a boy who magically reaches adulthood overnight.

Stephens and Catherwood visited Uxmal first in , then again during their expedition of Describing his first view of the ruins, Stephens writes:.

The place of which I am now speaking was beyond all doubt once a large, populous, and highly civilized city. Who built it, why it was located away from water or any of those natural advantages which have determined the sites of cities whose histories are known, what led to its abandonment and destruction, no man can tell.

Built by the Olmecs, the first major Mesoamerican civilization a group famous for other firsts, like chocolate and the use of for sports , the pyramid dates to between B.

American pyramids were generally built of earth and then faced with stone, typically in a stepped, or layered, shape topped by a platform or temple structure.

At one point, historians concluded that in contrast with Egyptian pyramids , pre-Columbian pyramids were not intended as burial chambers but as homes for deities.

However, more recent excavations have unearthed evidence that some pyramids did include tombs, and there is also evidence that city-states used the pyramids for military defense.

More temples have been discovered there than in any other Mesoamerican city. Like many Mesoamerican pyramids, each was constructed around a core of rubble held in place by retaining walls.

The walls were then faced with adobe bricks, and then covered with limestone. The base of the Pyramid of the Sun measures feet per side, with five stepped terraces reaching a height of some feet.

Its massive size rivals that of the Great Pyramid of Khufu at Giza. Within the current pyramid is another, earlier pyramid structure of almost the same size.

In , archaeologists discovered a cave underneath the Pyramid of the Sun, leading to a chamber in the shape of a four-leaf clover. It was dedicated around A.

The Maya , another dominant civilization of Mesoamerica, made temple-pyramids the glorious centers of their great stone cities. One of the most famous, the magnificently carved Temple of the Inscriptions at Palenque Mexico , was a funerary monument to the seventh century king Hanab Pakal.

The tallest Maya pyramid, located in Tikal, Guatemala, dates to the eighth century A. Another Maya monument, built in the ninth and 10th centuries A.

Constructed around A. Its four stairways have 91 steps each, which combined with the single step at the entrance to the temple adds up to stairs exactly—the number of days in the Mayan year.

The Maya had a complex astronomical and cosmological system, and often angled their ceremonial buildings, like pyramids, so that they would face sunrise or sunset at particular times of the year.

The Aztecs , who lived in the Mexican valley between the 12th and 16th centuries, also built pyramids in order to house and honor their deities.

Tenochtitlan, the great Aztec capital, housed the Great Pyramid, a four-stepped structure some 60 meters high. At its top, two shrines honored Huitzilopochtli, the Aztec god of sun and war, and Tlaloc, god of rain and fertility.

The Mayan version of the pyramid is shorter than some others, and experts believe that this was to leave room for a temple on the top.

And not all Mayan pyramids are constructed alike. The ancient Mayans built two types of pyramids: some to use for sacrificial rituals and some intended to remain untouched.

Those built for sacrifice were meant to be climbed, since the sacrifice, often of humans, took place at the top.

Priests moved from the earthly realm to the sky by means of staircases, an act intended to bring them closer to their gods.

Many pyramids had two to four stairways, usually connected in the center by a platform used for ritual. When you add the one step at the temple entrance, the stairs total , the same number of days in the Mayan year.

If you pass through the Yucatan, don't miss visiting this site. The other type of Mayan pyramid was not intended to be climbed or even touched.

These were the sacred pyramids and were never used for sacrifice. Although they sometimes were built with steps, these were just for ornament.

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Maya Pyramid Video

The Pyramids at Teotihuacán, Mexico in HD Teotihuacan Teotihuacan is an ancient Mesoamerican city located Elitepartner Preise Und Leistungen miles 50 km northeast of modern-day Mexico City. This Day In History. Exploration of North America The story of North American exploration spans an entire millennium andinvolves a wide array of European powers and uniquely American characters. Die Maya Tempel von Tulum liegen direkt am Meer. However, more recent excavations have unearthed evidence that some pyramids did include tombs, Rezultati Od Jucer there is also evidence that city-states used the pyramids for military defense. The sudden Maya Pyramid of the Mayan civilization after AD also resulted in declining practice of constructing pyramids until eventually it was abandoned, although the previously existing Deutsche Weihnachtslotterie Wo Kaufen continued to be used. This temple is only partially excavated. Marta Foncerrada del Molina, in her Fechas de radiocarbono en el area Mayadates the beginning of construction on the Pyramid of the Magician to the sixth century, continuing periodically through the 10th century.

Marta Foncerrada del Molina, in her Fechas de radiocarbono en el area Maya , dates the beginning of construction on the Pyramid of the Magician to the sixth century, continuing periodically through the 10th century.

The Mayans followed the traditional practice of superimposition in the construction of the pyramid, gradually increasing the dimensions by building new structures on top of existing ones.

The pyramid, as it stands today, is the result of five nested temples. Parts of the first temple can be seen when ascending the western staircase; the second and third temples are accessed by the eastern staircase, through an inner chamber at the second level.

In front of it Temple III, forming a narthex , is the fourth temple, which is clearly visible from the west side. The oldest structure, Temple I , is exposed on the west side of the structure, at the pyramid's base.

This section dates from approximately the 6th century AD, deduced from a date inscribed on the door lintel and radiocarbon dating.

The rest of the structure is covered by subsequent construction. The passageway that led to this structure was closed off after the drenching rains of Hurricane Gilbert in in order to assure the preservation of the building.

Temple II can be entered through an opening in the upper part of the eastern staircase. This temple is only partially excavated.

Its central chamber is supported by columns and it has a roof comb that is visible through a trench in the floor of Temple V above.

It consists of a small central shrine and an antechamber. Temple IV is entered from the west side and has the richest decorations. Both upper temples are heavily influenced by the Chenes architectural style Helfritz Temple V , also known as The House of the Magician or Soothsayer , is the final building phase of the pyramid.

This structure sits atop the pyramid and dates from the ninth century. Temple V is composed of three rooms and also exhibits lattice ornamentation.

The Eastern Stairs are the wider of the two, starting from the base of the structure to the upper temple.

Near the top of the eastern stairs is a smaller inner temple that cuts into the stairway itself. The Western Stairs overlook the Nunnery and are richly decorated compared to the eastern side.

Along both sides of this narrower staircase, images of the hooked-nose rain god Chaac line the steps. As worshipers climbed the stairs to the upper temple, they would be ceremoniously climbing the "Stairways of the Gods" towards the sacrificial altar.

The earlier phases of the Pyramid of the Magician were constructed in the Puuc style: rather bare on the lower part and very ornate at higher levels.

Early Puuc architecture included roof crests, inclined friezes , and an absence of mosaic decoration. Later Puuc styles were marked by the use of limestone in construction, often with smooth wall surfaces; plaster stucco finishes; masks and other representations of the rain god Chaac; and the prevalence of styling along horizontal lines.

The sides of the pyramid were once thought to be adorned with different colored stucco, each color representing a direction.

Chenes design was prevalent in Late Classic Mayan construction, characterized by doorways surrounded by a single creature mask, with the entrance serving as the mouth.

Chenes characteristics are found throughout the upper temples of the pyramid. The Pyramid of the Magician remains the central tourist attraction in the Uxmal complex.

Modern facilities can be now found at the entrance, immediately in front of the pyramid; including a cafeteria, souvenir shop, and restrooms.

There is also a small museum and auditorium. The site is open between 8am and 5pm, with a sound and light show, presented in both English and Spanish, every evening.

The Pyramid of the Magician is the focal point of the show. The name of the structure is derived from folk legends told by the indigenous Mayan people.

The age of these tales is unknown, as is the Pre-Columbian name of the structure. The tale existed in varied accounts concerning the construction of the Pyramid of the Magician.

According to one account, a magician -god named Itzamna was single-handedly supposed to have erected the pyramid in one night, using his might and magic.

The gong was struck, one day, by a dwarf that was born unto no mother, but rather hatched from an egg by a childless, old woman according to a tourist guide in Uxmal, this egg was an iguana egg, and the woman a witch.

The sound of the gong struck fear into the city's ruler and the dwarf was ordered to be executed. The ruler reconsidered the death sentence, though, and promised that the dwarf's life would be spared if he could perform three seemingly impossible tasks.

One of the tasks was to build a massive pyramid, taller than any building in the city, in a single night.

The dwarf ultimately completed all the tasks, including the construction of the pyramid. The dwarf was hailed as the new ruler of Uxmal and the structure was dedicated to him.

A slightly different version of this tale is recounted by Hans Li in The Ancient Ones : Legend tells that this temple -pyramid was built by a powerful dwarf magician, who was hatched from an egg by his mother.

Under a threat by an Uxmal king he was ordered to build this temple within a fortnight, or else lose his life In other surviving versions, the old woman is portrayed as a witch or sorceress and the dwarf is a boy who magically reaches adulthood overnight.

Steps generally lead to the top of the pyramid where the Mayan temples are located. To accommodate the temple, Mayan pyramids have flat top which is another feature of their design.

It was also common to align these pyramids and temples with celestial events such as the path of the sun.

A variety of building materials were used in the construction of Mayan pyramids and temples. The most common building material was the stone that was found locally.

Blocks for construction could be obtained from the quarries outside the city. Additionally, mortar was used in the construction process which was made by burning limestone along with wood.

Stucco finishing was used for the decoration of temple walls. Some of the most famous pyramids were constructed during different periods of Mayan civilization.

One such Mayan pyramid is High Temple located at Lamanai. This pyramid is 33 meters tall and was still occupied when the Spaniards arrived.

Several large pyramids are also located at Coba among which the most famous is Nohoch Mul pyramid which is about 42 meters tall. Human sacrifice was an important part of Mayan religion and was particularly widespread during the Classic Period.

The most common method of human sacrifice during this period was decapitation. During the Post-classic Period, heart extraction became the most common form of human sacrifice.

The sacrifice took place on the top of the pyramid-temple and was performed by the priests. Other types of human sacrifice included killing with bow and arrows and disemboweling the victim etc.

There were two main uses of the Mayan pyramids, both of them religious in nature. The pyramids that had temples at the top were used by everyone, although the priests were the guardians of the pyramids and temples.

There was another kind of pyramid which did not have any temple at the top. This kind of pyramid was not meant to be touched and was considered sacred.

During the religious ceremonies and festivals, everyone used Mayan pyramids. The main purpose of Mayan pyramids was performing of religious rituals.

It was due to this reason that temples were located at the top of these pyramids. During religious festivals and ceremonies.

Mayan pyramids were also used for human sacrifice and the victims were taken at the top of the pyramids and sacrificed in various ways.

Maya Pyramid

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